Strangulation is more common than professionals have realized. Recent studies have now shown that 34% of abused pregnant women report being “choked” (Bullock, 2006); 47% of female domestic violence victims reported 2 being “choked” (Block, 2000) and most experts believe the rate is higher given the lack of minimization by victims and the lack of education.
Victims of multiple strangulation “who had experienced more than one strangulation attack, on separate occasions, by the same abuser, reported neck and throat injuries, neurologic disorders and psychological disorders with increased frequency”. (Smith, 2001)
Almost half of all domestic violence homicide victims had experienced at least one episode of non-fatal strangulation prior to a lethal violent incident (Glass, Sage, 2008). Victims of prior non-fatal strangulation are 800% more likely of later becoming a homicide victim. (Glass, et al, 2008).
Strangulation is more serious than professionals have realized. Loss of consciousness can occur within 5 to 10 seconds and death within 4 to 5 minutes. (Watch, 2009; Hawley, McClane, 2001). The seriousness of the internal injuries may take a few hours to be appreciated and delayed death can occur days later. (Hawley, McClane, 2001).
Because most strangulation victims do not have visible injuries, strangulation cases are minimized or trivialized by law enforcement, medical and mental health professionals.
The Nampa Family Justice Center provides comprehensive services to victims of nonfatal strangulation and other domestic violence and sexual assault-related crimes. All partners of the Nampa Family Justice Center have received training in the handling of non-fatal strangulation related crimes and the Center has hailed Chief Kingsbury’s decision. “If every officer in Nampa handles these cases based on national best practices, our community will be safer and the most dangerous domestic violence offenders will be held accountable for their crimes,” said Rebecca Lovelace, Director of the Nampa Family Justice Center.
“The Nampa Police Department and others that are making this pledge are leading the way for law enforcement agencies across the nation and their example will help save many lives in the months and years ahead,” said Casey Gwinn, President of the National Family Justice Center Alliance. Other departments that have committed to mandate the course since the Project 5000 Challenge was issued last week include: Hibbing Police Department (MN); Bristow Police Department (OK); Fulton County Sheriff (OH); Riverside Police Department (CA); and Shasta County Sheriff (CA).
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